For women who are having problems with melasma, freckles or dark spots on the face. Today we have a way to leave each other. a simple way That everyone can do by themselves at home.

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First of all, let’s get acquainted with melasma because it is a more difficult treatment than other dark spot problems. The melasma is characterized by dark brown to black patches around our face and around our cheekbones. Melasma is caused by abnormalities in the pigment area under the skin. Because the pigment is too build up Therefore, it is seen that the color is different from the skin in other areas.

The main cause of melasma and dark spots

1. Sunlight

The main cause of melasma in Thai people is sunlight. In sunlight, UV rays are present. UV rays will cause our facial skin to produce more melanin. When it builds up a lot, it builds up and becomes blemish.

2. Hormones

Especially female hormones called estrogen and progesterone. In normal people, there are usually no problems with these hormones. Because it is a hormone that is already present in the human body. But if we take birth control pills or are pregnant Chances of melasma will be more than normal people because there are more of these hormones than normal people sure enough.

3. Using poor quality cosmetics

poor quality cosmetics Often add mercury or harmful chemicals into cosmetics. to make us look white faster skin looks smoother But the disadvantage is that it will make your skin condition worse. In the long run, the skin will malfunction. If a young woman who uses cosmetics must use a brand that is reliable, quality, otherwise the skin will be damaged easily.

4. Age, genetics, certain drugs

These causes can also stimulate melasma. which some people may misunderstand between melasma and freckles. Melasma is a brown to black blotch, but freckles are more common in young people as small spots spread over the face.

How to treat blemishes and dark spots on the face

1. Use a skin care product containing Niacinamide and AHA.

Niacinamide (niacinamide) is a form of vitamin B3 that our bodies and skin need. but can not produce by itself Helps strengthen the skin’s protective barrier Add moisture to the skin. Makes the skin look younger and more radiant.

AHA or Alpha Hydroxy Acids (alpha hydroxy acids) are a group of natural acids derived from citrus fruits. It is a water soluble ingredient. It has properties to help exfoliate skin cells and add moisture to the skin. Helps to adjust the skin color regularly Help reduce sunburn and reduce dark spots. We recommend Olay Luminous Niacinamide + AHA Super Serum (Olay AHA).

Olay’s new skincare that combines advanced technology Niacinamide + AHA that enhances deep penetration. Serum texture is light and absorbs quickly. Can help reduce blemishes on the face exactly in 2 weeks, such as reducing sunburn. Acne scars and dark spots that are difficult to solve on the face Makes skin clear and smooth Proven by real users, 90% saw a reduction in acne scars or sunburn. Does not clog pores non sticky It does not contain parabens, sulfates, mineral oils, phthalates and petrolatums.

2. Use Tretinoin.

Medicines used to treat melasma and dark spots It is a drug that can be purchased at a general drug store. The first group is Tretinoin (a derivative of vitamin A), which the mechanism of vitamin A will allow our skin cells to shed more. When the skin turns off The pigment will be released along with our skin. make the blemishes look faded The advantage of this group of drugs is that they are relatively safe. and in addition to treating melasma It can also treat acne. But there are disadvantages of this group of drugs as well. is It takes quite a long time for the melasma to fade until it is clearly visible. It may take at least 6 months – 1 year and should not be used by pregnant women. because it can affect the fetus

3. Azelaic Acid

The second group of drugs is Azelaic Acid. Drugs in this group are slightly acidic. Mechanism of these drugs is to make our skin shed itself faster and the drug itself has an effect on the cells that make up melanin. reduce the production of pigment. Make our faces have a normal color faster. But the disadvantage of this group of drugs is The drug itself is acidic. There may be a burning sensation on the face. and the duration of treatment is as long as with the first group It takes several months to a year.

4. Thiamidol Cosmetics

The popular cosmetic medicine used to treat melasma, freckles, and dark spots on the face is called Thiamidol, which will inhibit an enzyme called Tyrosinase, which is an important enzyme used in melanin production. able to reduce the thickness of melasma and freckles including dark spots and prevent recurrence. The advantage is that it is more effective than general cosmetics. And if used in a highly concentrated form, there are rarely any side effects. Women who are pregnant can also use thiamidol. Women who are pregnant can also use thiamidol but they should consult with their doctors at the fertility clinic. It is relatively safe and is not absorbed into the bloodstream. But there are disadvantages of this one as well. Because it is a substance that is synthesized. Therefore, the price may be slightly higher than other drugs.

5. Avoid the sun

The main cause of melasma is sunlight. The method of treatment and prevention is to avoid sunlight as much as you can. It doesn’t mean that you can’t leave the house at all. Just when leaving the house We may have to avoid it by not walking in the sun for a long time. If possible, walk indoors or use an umbrella that protects against sunlight and UV rays so that our bodies are not exposed to the sun.

6. Use Sunscreen

Use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30 and must apply sunscreen properly. Most of the sunscreens on the market are already over 30, which can block 98% of UV rays. We apply sunscreen the wrong way. Some people may not be able to apply enough sunscreen. Some people squeeze too little sunscreen and try to apply it all over their body. This does not protect against sunlight. Applying sunscreen properly Must squeeze the amount of sunscreen at least 2 knuckles and apply to different parts. of the body For example, 2 knuckles on your face, 2 knuckles on one arm, keep doing this. until all parts of the body And most importantly, it is necessary to add sunscreen every 4-6 hours, because during the day we go to work or to do activities. This will cause the sunscreen to fade over time. Therefore, we should have to add sunscreen during the day with it.